Submit a Manuscript

Online Submissions

Already have a Username/Password for Annals of Innovation & Entrepreneurship?
Go to Login

Need a Username/Password?
Go to Registration

Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.


Author Guidelines

Preparing for submission In his/her covering letter, the corresponding author should reveal whether the submitted article – or very similar work - has been previously published, or is under consideration elsewhere.

Please note that the submitting author will be the principal contact for editorial correspondence, throughout the peer review and proofreading process, if applicable.

Plagiarism Detection Co-Action Publishing is a member of CrossCheck by CrossRef and iThenticate. iThenticate is a plagiarism screening service that verifies the originality of content submitted before publication. iThenticate checks submissions against millions of published research papers, and billions of web content.

Co-Action Publishing uses iThenticate to screen all submissions for plagiarism before publication, but authors, researchers and freelancers can also use iThenticate to screen their work before submission by visiting

Language All articles should be written in English - British or American as long as consistency is observed. SI units should be used. Please subject the manuscript to professional language editing before submitting the final version if you are not a native speaker or do not master the English language.

Acknowledgements All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgments section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chairperson who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.

Conflict of interest and funding Authors are responsible for disclosing all relationships that could be viewed as potential conflicts of interest. Please refer to the ICMJE statement on conflicts of interest (

Publication fee Publication of an Article (up to 10 typeset A4 pages) incurs a charge of €950, excl. VAT (Europe), or $1350 (rest of the world). Articles exceeding 10 typeset pages may incur an additional charge of €50/$69 per page.

The publication of a Short Communication (up to 4 typeset A4 pages) incurs a charge of €500, excl. VAT (Europe), or $670 (rest of the world). Short Communications exceeding 4 typeset pages may incur an additional charge of €50/$69 per page.

For a list of OA-friendly universities and funders, please check here. Additional information on how to claim reimbursement/support for publication fees can be found here.

Open Access Key As a Co-Action Publishing author you are now able to manage your publication fee using Open Access Key (OAK).

Co-Action Publishing is one of the first publishers in the world to implement OAK, a unique new online payment platform designed to manage and consolidate author publication fees and connect authors to their universities, research funders or learned societies. To register and start using Open Access Key, please visit


Articles submitted based on a written invitation from the Editor-in-Chief will be exempted from the publication fees, partially or fully.

Manuscript layout Wherever possible, the paper should follow the traditional layout:

Write the article with the tables and figures, including the legends, appearing as you discuss them in the text. Please refer to the tables and figures before they actually appear in the article. Use page numbers.

If the paper is accepted, the author may be asked to submit tables, figures and appendices separately.

Title page Organize the title page in the following way: 1) title of manuscript, 2) name of author(s), 3) name of department(s) and institution(s), and 4) name and full postal and email address of the corresponding author who also acts as 'Guarantor' for all parts of the paper. Please observe that the journal adheres to a 'double blind' review process and thus the title page revealing the identity of the authors should be uploaded separately. Please see Ensuring a Blind Review

The title should be informative and accurate and at the same time trigger the interest of the reader. A short running head will be derived from the title to appear on each page of the article.

Figures Upon acceptance please supply figures/graphics/images in at least 300 dpi. For further information please see Guidlines.

If the figures/graphics/images have been taken from sources not copyrighted by the author, it is the author’s sole responsibility to secure the rights from the copyright holder to reproduce those figures/graphs/images for both worldwide print and web publication. All reproduction costs charged by the copyright holder must be borne by the author.

When figures/graphics/images are reproduced, a parenthesis should be added to the figure legend thus: (Reproduced with permission from xxx.)

Abstract Articles must include an abstract of 200-300 words providing sufficient information for a reader to be able to decide whether or not to proceed to the full text of the article. After the abstract, please give 5-10 key words; avoid using the same words as in the title.

Section headings Please do not number section headings. Use a maximum of three levels of headings made clear by orthographic indicators, i.e. capitals, italics, bold etc.

Citation and reference system Citations in the text should follow the reference style used by the American Psychological Association (APA). For more information go to APA style uses the author-date citation system allowing the readers to find the sources cited in the text in the reference list, where each source is listed alphabetically.

Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors. ARTICLES FAILING TO FOLLOW THE APA STYLE WILL BE RETURNED TO THE AUTHORS FOR CORRECTION.

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid references in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Style in the text:

To insert a citation in text, include the author’s surname and year of publication. For a direct quotation, include the page number of the specific location of the phrase or sentences in the original work.


  • Kessler (2003) found that among customers ...
  • Early onset results in a more persistent and severe course (Kessler, 2003) ...
  • In 2003, Kessler’s study of customers showed that …
  • Training materials are available (Department of Veterans Affairs, 2001, 2003)
  • Several studies (Derryberry & Reed, 2005a, 2005b, in press-a, Rothbart, 2003a, 2003b) show...
  • Abouzeedan et al. (2009) proposed a new form of capital...


Style in the reference list:

References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.



Teirlinck, P & Spithoven, A. (2008). The spatial organization of innovation: open innovation, external knowledge relations and urban structure. Regional Studies 42(5), 689-704.


Mitchell, T. R., & Larson, J. R., Jr. (1987). People in Organizations: An introduction to Organizational Behavior (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book

Klofsten, M. (1997). Management of the early development process in technology-based firms. In D. Jones-Evans & M. Klofsten (eds.). Technology, Innovation and Enterprise – The European Experience. London, England: Macmillan Publishers, pp. 148-178.

Reference to a working paper

Hedner, T., Edgar, B., Maack, K., & Abouzeedan, A. (2010). Innovation and entrepreneurship curricula at Swedish universities: Theoretical, tacit and narrative learning aspects. Working paper presented at 3rd International FINPIN Conference, 25-27 April, Joensuu, Finland. Available: (last accessed May 1, 2010)

Reference to a PhD Thesis

Lindholm, Å. (1994). The Economics of Technology-related Ownership Changes: A Study of Innovativeness and Growth through Acquisitions and Spin-offs. PhD dissertation, Gothenburg: Chalmers University of Technology.

Reference to a web source

Use the copy-paste function of your word processor to capture the article DOI and place it at the end of the reference. If there is no DOI, cite the home page URL.

Smith, Joe. (1999). One of Volvo's core values. [Online] Available: (last accessed July 7, 2009)


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. I, the corresponding author, am authorized by all of my co-authors to submit this paper. The paper has not been submitted, in its current version, to any other journal. The journal adheres to a 'double blind' review process and thus the identity of the authors should remain unknown.
  2. I, the submitting author, will be the point of contact throughout the peer review and proofreading process (if applicable).

  3. I have subjected the manuscript to professional language editing (only applicable for non native speakers).
  4. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed. The title page revealing the identity of the authors should be uploaded separately.

  5. I/we have strictly followed the guidelines provided and made sure that:
    - the URLs to access references online are provided and ready to click (e.g.,
    - only one space has been entered after the full-stop at the end of a sentence
    - the text has not been justified; a ragged right-hand margin has been used
    - a double hyphen (--) has been used to indicate a dash in text
    - TAB has been used when indenting paragraphs or separating columns in tables
    - 'italics' or single quotes have been used for emphasis (avoid using underlines!)
    - the same elements have been keyed in exactly the same way throughout the manuscript
  6. Upon acceptance I/we will provide a complete manuscript as a text file (Word, RTF, WordPerfect), with all tables, legends and supplemental material (if applicable) placed at the end of the manuscript after the reference list. Also, each figure and supplemental material will be submitted separately in the original source file and in accordance with the guidelines provided.

Copyright and License Notice

Authors contributing to Annals of Innovation & Entrepreneurship agree to publish their articles under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported license, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, that the work is not used for commercial purposes, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear.

Authors retain copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to Co-Action Publishing. However, authors are required to transfer copyrights associated with commercial use to the Publisher. Revenues from commercial sales are used to keep down the publication fees. Moreover, a major portion of the profits generated from commercial sales is placed in a fund to cover publication fees for researchers from developing nations and, in some cases, for young researchers.


Privacy Statement

Co-Action Publishing Privacy Policy

Website Visitors
Like most website operators, Co-Action Publishing collects non-personally-identifying information of the sort that web browsers and servers typically make available, such as the browser type, language preference, referring site, and the date and time of each visitor request. Co-Action Publishing’s purpose in collecting non-personally identifying information is to better understand how Co-Action Publishing’s visitors use its website. From time to time, Co-Action Publishing may release non-personally-identifying information in the aggregate, e.g., by publishing a report on trends in the usage of its website.

Co-Action Publishing also collects potentially personally-identifying information like Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. However, Co-Action Publishing does not use such information to identify its visitors, and does not disclose such information, other than under the same circumstances that it uses and discloses personally-identifying information, as described below.

Gathering of Personally-Identifying Information
Certain visitors to Co-Action Publishing’s websites interact with Co-Action Publishing in ways that require Co-Action Publishing to gather personally-identifying information. The amount and type of information that Co-Action Publishing gathers depends on the nature of the interaction. For example, we ask authors who are to pay a publication fee at to provide certain details. Those who engage in transactions with Co-Action Publishing – by paying publication fees, for example – are asked to provide additional information, including as necessary the personal and financial information required to process those transactions. In each case, Co-Action Publishing collects such information only insofar as is necessary or appropriate to fulfill the purpose of the visitor’s interaction with Co-Action Publishing. Co-Action Publishing does not disclose personally-identifying information other than as described below. And visitors can always refuse to supply personally-identifying information, with the caveat that it may prevent them from engaging in certain website-related activities.

Aggregated Statistics
Co-Action Publishing may collect statistics about the behavior of visitors to its websites. For instance, Co-Action Publishing may monitor the most popular parts of the website. Co-Action Publishing may display this information publicly or provide it to others. However, Co-Action Publishing does not disclose personally-identifying information other than as described below.

Protection of Certain Personally-Identifying Information
Co-Action Publishing discloses potentially personally-identifying and personally-identifying information only to those of its employees, contractors and affiliated organizations that (i) need to know that information in order to process it on Co-Action Publishing’s behalf or to provide services available at Co-Action Publishing’s websites, and (ii) that have agreed not to disclose it to others. Some of those employees, contractors and affiliated organizations may be located outside of your home country; by using Co-Action Publishing’s websites, you consent to the transfer of such information to them.

Co-Action Publishing will not rent or sell potentially personally-identifying and personally-identifying information to anyone. Other than to its employees, contractors and affiliated organizations, as described above, Co-Action Publishing discloses potentially personally-identifying and personally-identifying information only when required to do so by law, or when Co-Action Publishing believes in good faith that disclosure is reasonably necessary to protect the property or rights of Co-Action Publishing, third parties or the public at large.

If you are a registered user of a Co-Action Publishing website and have supplied your email address, Co-Action Publishing may occasionally send you an email to tell you about new features, solicit your feedback, or just keep you up to date with Co-Action Publishing’s products and services.

A cookie is a string of information that a website stores on a visitor’s computer, and that the visitor’s browser provides to the website each time the visitor returns. Co-Action Publishing uses cookies to help Co-Action Publishing identify and track visitors, their usage of Co-Action Publishing website, and their website access preferences. Co-Action Publishing visitors who do not wish to have cookies placed on their computers should set their browsers to refuse cookies before using Co-Action Publishing’s websites, with the drawback that certain features of Co-Action Publishing’s websites may not function properly without the aid of cookies.

Privacy Policy Changes
Although most changes are likely to be minor, Co-Action Publishing may change its Privacy Policy from time to time, and in Co-Action Publishing’s sole discretion. Co-Action Publishing encourages visitors to frequently check this page for any changes to its Privacy Policy. Your continued use of this site after any change in this Privacy Policy will constitute your acceptance of such change.

Thanks to Automattic and Own Terms.