Author Guidelines

PREPARING FOR SUBMISSION

Submitted manuscripts should follow the recommendations stated in Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals.

In his/her covering letter, the corresponding author should reveal whether the submitted article – or very similar work - has been previously published, or orally presented, or is under consideration elsewhere.

Please note that the submitting author will be the principal contact for editorial correspondence, throughout the peer review and proofreading process, if applicable.

Plagiarism Detection Co-Action Publishing is a member of CrossCheck by CrossRef and iThenticate. iThenticate is a plagiarism screening service that verifies the originality of content submitted before publication. iThenticate checks submissions against millions of published research papers, and billions of web content.

Co-Action Publishing uses iThenticate to screen all submissions for plagiarism before publication, but authors, researchers and freelancers can also use iThenticate to screen their work before submission by visiting http://research.ithenticate.com.


Language All articles should be written in English - British or American as long as consistency is observed. SI units should be used. Please subject the manuscript to professional language editing before submitting the final version if you are not a native speaker. A list of services can be found here.

Authors' contributions - required The individual contributions of each author must be specified in the Authors' contributions section. Please use authors' initials and confirm that all authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

Authorship
It is understood that all authors listed on submitted manuscripts have read and agreed to its content, and meet the authorship requirements as detailed by ICMJE here. In brief, contributors can be listed as authors if they: 1) have made substantial contributions to the conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; AND 2) have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND 3) have given final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgements section, see below. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help or writing assistance, or a head of department, who provided only general support.

Acknowledgements All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgments section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chairperson who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.

Conflict of interest and funding Authors are responsible for disclosing financial support from the industry or other conflicts of interest that might bias the interpretation of results. Please complete this form and attach to the submission.

Statistic validity If complicated statistical data are provided, the authors may be requested to submit a statement issued by a certified statistician regarding the validity of methods used.

Ethics and consent When reporting experiments on patients or animals, please indicate whether the procedures followed were approved by your local ethics committee and/or in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008 (http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/17c.pdf).


Publication Fee See here.

Supplementary material Supplementary material may be added free of charge, and will be published in the form in which it is received. Colour illustrations are free of charge just as supplemental material.

WAIVER POLICY - please see here.

WITHDRAWAL OF MANUSCRIPT If you withdraw your manuscript after it has been peer reviewed, or after it has been typeset (but not yet published) you will be charged according to the following:

For peer review: EUR 475/USD 510 per article
For peer review and typesetting: EUR 650/USD 700 per article


MANUSCRIPT LAYOUT

Wherever possible, the paper should follow the traditional layout: introduction (motivation, problem identification and a short literature survey), present investigation (background, materials, subjects and results), and conclusion. Begin each section, including figure and table legends, on separate sheets; insert running page numbers.


Figures Upon acceptance, please supply figures/graphics/images in at least 300 dpi. For further information, please see Guidelines.

Title page Organize the title page in the following way: 1) title of manuscript, 2) name of author(s), 3) name of department(s) and institution(s), and 4) name and full postal and email address of the corresponding author who also acts as 'Guarantor' for all parts of the paper. Please observe that the journal adheres to a 'double blind' review process and thus the identity of the authors should remain unknown until the paper is accepted; the submitted paper should not include author name, affiliation and corresponding author address.

The title should be informative and accurate and at the same time trigger the interest of the reader. A short running head will be derived from the title to appear on each page of the article.

Abstract Articles must include a structured abstract of 200-300 words. The abstract should provide sufficient information for a reader to be able to decide whether or not to proceed to the full text of the article. The abstract should be structured in the following way: Background, Objective, Design, Results, Conclusions. After the abstract, please give 5-10 key words; avoid using the same words as in the title.

Section headings Please do not number section headings. Use a maximum of three levels of headings made clear by orthographic indicators, i.e. capitals, italics, bold etc.

References References should follow the standard biomedical format. ARTICLES FAILING TO FOLLOW THIS STYLE WILL BE RETURNED TO THE AUTHORS FOR CORRECTION.

Number the references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in the text by Arabic numerals and in parentheses, e.g. (14).

Information from papers in manuscript but not yet accepted should be cited in the text as 'unpublished observation(s)' or 'personal communication'.

For a key of how to abbreviate journal names, please consult the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus.

Journals

  1. Kara D, Luppens SB, Cate JM. Differences between single- and dual-species biofilms of Streptococcus mutans and Veillonella parvula in growth, acidogenicity and susceptibility to chlorhexidine. Eur J Oral Sci. 2006; 114: 58-63.
  2. Hailman E, Vasselon T, Kelley M, Busse LA, Hu MC, Lichtenstein HS et al. Stimulation of macrophages and neutrophils by complexes of lipopolysaccharide and soluble CD14. J Immunol. 1996; 156: 4384-90.
  3. Wall S. GLOBAL HEALTH ACTION—fuelling a hands-on approach to global health challenges. Global Health Action. 2008; 1. 2008. DOI: 10.3402/gha.v1i0.1822

Books

  1. Ludwig JA, Reynolds JF. Statistical ecology. A primer on methods and computing. New York: Wiley; 1988.
  2. Brown AM, Stubbs DW, editors. Medical physiology. New York: Wiley; 1983.
  3. Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press; 1976. p. 165-78.

Website

  1. UN Development Programme. Millennium Development Goals, Goal 4: reduce child mortality. http://www.undp.org/mdg/goal4.shtml (cited Oct 20, 2008).