Author Guidelines

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Submitted manuscripts should follow the recommendations stated in Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. Please review these guidelines.

Please also note that the submitting author will be the principal contact for editorial correspondence, throughout the peer review and proofreading process, if applicable.

Plagiarism Detection Co-Action Publishing is a member of CrossCheck by CrossRef and iThenticate. iThenticate is a plagiarism screening service that verifies the originality of content submitted before publication. iThenticate checks submissions against millions of published research papers, and billions of web content.

Co-Action Publishing uses iThenticate to screen all submissions for plagiarism before publication, but authors, researchers and freelancers can also use iThenticate to screen their work before submission by visiting

In his/her covering letter, the corresponding author should reveal whether the submitted article – or very similar work - has been previously published, or is under consideration elsewhere.


MEO publishes four general categories of peer reviewed articles:

Feature Articles - include articles discussing issues of general interest to the health education community. For example (but are not limited to) presenting perspectives as well as reviews and commentary of the literature on a specific topic. With the exception of invited articles and editorials, feature articles are peer-reviewed.

Research Articles - present high quality completed research or evaluation studies. Research articles are peer-reviewed.

Trend Articles - present new ideas as well as studies or descriptions of programs in the early stages of development. Trend articles are envisioned as a means of quickly disseminating innovative ideas, descriptions of new programs and preliminary results from research and evaluation studies. Manuscripts submitted to this section are peer-reviewed. The preliminary nature of the material submitted will be taken into account in the review process though descriptions of new programs are expected to have at least some level of formative and summative evaluation data.

All articles go through a preliminary review by one of the managing editors. When articles are felt to not be appropriate for full peer review authors are notified at that point, usually within approximately two weeks. Articles that are felt to be appropriative for full review are assigned to a review editor and undergo full peer review by at least two external expert consultants. While we attempt to complete this review as quickly as possible it may take up to three months.

Short Communications - describe new interesting findings, working practices or techniques and are limited to 3000 words (incl. references, excl. tables/figures). They should follow the same general format as research articles. Short Communications may be subject to limited review among the journal’s designated editors.

Letters to the EditorMEO will consider letters to the editor that offer a reaction to an article published with MEO, a correction to the record, or contribute new information in relation to an earlier published work in MEO.  Letters may comment more broadly on the Journal. Letters introducing something new or commenting more broadly on the field of Medical Education should be submitted as a Short Communication. Letters are reviewed by at least one managing editor, but not sent out for external peer review.

Language All articles should be written in English - British or American as long as consistency is observed. SI units should be used. Please subject the manuscript to professional language editing before submitting the final version if you are not a native speaker. A list of services can be found here.

Authors' contributions - required The individual contributions of each author must be specified in the Authors' contributions section. Please use authors' initials and confirm that all authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

It is understood that all authors listed on submitted manuscripts have read and agreed to its content, and meet the authorship requirements as detailed by ICMJE here. In brief, contributors can be listed as authors if they: 1) have made substantial contributions to the conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; AND 2) have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND 3) have given final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgements section, see below. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help or writing assistance, or a head of department, who provided only general support.

Acknowledgements All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgments section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chairperson who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.

Conflict of interest and funding Authors are responsible for disclosing financial support from the industry or other conflicts of interest that might bias the interpretation of results. Please complete this form and attach to the submission.

Ethics and consent When reporting experiments on patients or animals, please indicate whether the procedures followed were approved by your local ethics committee and/or in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008 (

Publication Fee See here.

WAIVER POLICY - please see here.

WITHDRAWAL OF MANUSCRIPT If you withdraw your manuscript after it has been peer reviewed, or after it has been typeset (but not yet published) you will be charged according to the following:

For peer review: EUR 250/USD 290 per article
For peer review and typesetting: EUR 475/USD 565 per article



Use double-spacing for all portions of the manuscript — including the title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, individual tables, and legends. Wherever possible, the paper should follow the traditional layout:

Begin each section, including figure and table legends, on separate sheets; insert running page numbers.

Title page Organize the title page in the following way: 1) title of manuscript, 2) name of author(s), 3) name of department(s) and institution(s), and 4) name and full postal and email address of the corresponding author who also acts as 'Guarantor' for all parts of the paper. Please observe that the journal adheres to a 'double blind' review process and thus the title page revealing the identity of the authors should be uploaded separately. Please see Ensuring a Blind Review

The title should be informative and accurate and at the same time trigger the interest of the reader. A short running head will be derived from the title to appear on each page of the article.

Figures Upon acceptance please supply figures/graphics/images in at least 300 dpi. For further information please see Guidelines.

If the figures/graphics/images have been taken from sources not copyrighted by the author, it is the author’s sole responsibility to secure the rights from the copyright holder to reproduce those figures/graphs/images for both worldwide print and web publication. All reproduction costs charged by the copyright holder must be borne by the author.

When figures/graphics/images are reproduced, a parenthesis should be added to the figure legend thus: (Reproduced with permission from xxx.)

Abstract Articles must include a structured abstract of 200-300 words providing sufficient information for a reader to be able to decide whether or not to proceed to the full text of the article. After the abstract, please give 5-10 key words; avoid using the same words as in the title.

Section headings Please do not number section headings. Use a maximum of three levels of headings made clear by orthographic indicators, i.e. capitals, italics, bold etc.


Number the references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in the text by Arabic numerals and in parentheses, e.g. (14).The references should be listed at the end of the manuscript as regular text. DO NOT PUT THE REFERENCE LIST IN AN END NOTE.

Information from papers in manuscript but not yet accepted should be cited in the text as 'unpublished observation(s)' or 'personal communication'.

For a key of how to abbreviate medical journal names, please consult the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus accessible at


  1. Morrison S, Free KW. Writing multiple-choice test items that promote and measure critical thinking. J Nurs Educ  2001;40: 17-24.
  2. May BA, Edell V, Butell S, Doughty J, Langford C. Critical thinking and clinical competence: a study of their relationship in BSN seniors. J Nurs Educ 1999;38: 100-10.


  1. Tesch R. Qualitative research: analysis types and software tools. New York: Falmar Press; 1999.
  2. Arora M, Shrihari JS, Reddy KS. Mental health and substance abuse. In: Gupta P, Ghai OP, editors. Textbook of preventive and social medicine. 2nd ed. New Dehli (India): CBS Publishers; 2007. p. 645-72.


  1. Jolly P. Charting outcomes in the match: Characteristics of
    applicants who matched to their preferred specialty in the 2007 NRMP
    Main Residency Match [monograph on the Internet]. Association of
    American Medical Colleges; 2007 [downloaded 2008 April 16]. Available from:
  2. Association of American Medical Colleges. AAMC statement on the
    physician workforce. Washington, DC: AAMC; 2006. [cited 30 June 2011] Available from: (Archived by WebCite® at

To ensure readers can access references to Web based material, MEO uses WebCite® to archive Web pages that are referenced in articles published in the Journal (see example 2 above). Archiving references is a very simple and quick process. There is no charge for the service. Please archive the Web pages you reference in your manuscript and use the archived reference in the reference section of the manuscript. The steps necessary to archive references are given below:

  1. Access the WebCite® Bookmarklet Page
  2. Follow the simple directions to create a "bookmarket " which will be a bookmark in your browser ( "favorites" if you are using Internet Explorer.)
  3. Access each Web page you wish to reference in your manuscript and "click" the bookmarklet.
  4. This will archive the page in WebCite® and provide you with a reference to the archived page.
  5. Reference the WebCite® archived page in the reference section of the manuscript rather than the actual page. When your readers access the archived page, they will also be provided with a link to the actual page assuming it still exists.

We encourage you to use WebCite® for all your published references of Web pages.